What Is Binge Eating Disorder?
Binge eating disorder, often referred to as BED, is a severe condition that often requires treatment at a binge eating disorder treatment center. The disorder is characterized by repeated episodes of consuming large amounts of food quickly. Oftentimes the food will be consumed so rapidly and in such high quantities that it will lead to discomfort or even pain.
After the binge eating incident, there is often feelings of shame, guilt, or loss of control. When these feelings occur, measures may be utilized to counter the recent binge. While it is a relatively newly described disorder, it is the most common eating disorder. With binge eating disorder therapy, attaining a healthier relationship with food and reaching recovery is possible.
Diagnosis of Binge Eating Disorder
There are many diagnostic criteria that will be met before a diagnosis can be made and a treatment plan for binge eating disorder created. Some of the situations that must be present for diagnosis include:
- Recurring binge eating episodes which involve eating large amounts of food in a short time and lack of control during the eating episode
- Episodes of eating more rapidly than usual, eating past being comfortably full, eating large quantities when not hungry, eating alone due to embarrassment about the quantity that is being eaten combined with feelings of guilt or disgust after the episode
- Those with binge eating disorder will often show marked distress when it comes to eating
- There are often binge eating episodes occurring once a week for three months or more
Signs of Binge Eating Disorder?
There are many signs and symptoms that someone may need to seek out binge eating disorder help. Symptoms often include emotional, behavioral, and physical symptoms. The presence of any combination of these symptoms may indicate the need for binge eating disorder treatment.
Behavioral and Emotional Symptoms
There are many emotional and behavioral symptoms to watch for including:
- Evidence that binge eating is occurring such as the disappearance of large amounts of food or the appearance of multiple empty wrappers and food containers
- Feeling uncomfortable when they are eating around others
- Practicing fad diets that are often extreme such as cutting out entire food categories
- Resistance to eating in public places or with others
- Food hoarding tendencies
- Withdrawal from friends and social activities
- Constant concerns with the shape, size, and weight of their body
- Symptoms of low self-esteem
Physical symptoms associated with binge eating disorder are often subtle and may not be as noticeable without careful observation. Some of the most common physical symptoms that may be present are:
- Fluctuations in weight both higher and lower
- Gastrointestinal problems such as stomach cramping, constipation, and acid reflux
- Concentration problems
What Demographics Are Most Commonly Affected by Binge Eating Disorder?
When looking at the types of patients that seek binge eating treatment, it can occur at any age, gender, race, or background, though some groups do show a slightly elevated risk. Binge eating disorder tends to be slightly higher in adult women than men and adolescents with 3.5% of women experiencing the disorder, 2% of men, and 1.6% of adolescents.
Unfortunately, even though the eating disorder is a fairly common one, few people will seek out the binge eating disorder treatment they need – only 3% of adults see a doctor for a medical diagnosis.
Causes of Binge Eating Disorder?
A key component in achieving binge eating recovery is determining the underlying cause of the binge eating so that a proper binge eating treatment plan can be developed. There are many causes associated with binge eating including psychological factors, family history, and weight concerns.
- Biological Factors – Historical weight fluctuations can increase risk as well as hormone irregularities that can lead to food addiction. Binge eating behavior has often been linked to lower serotonin levels.
- Behavioral Factors – Those who are in binge eating recovery often will report a history that includes excessive dieting going as far back as their adolescence. When dieting is excessive, it can trim hunger cues leading to binges.
- Environmental Factors – External influences can cause problems with an individual’s self-worth. Individuals who suffer bullying or body shaming or are influenced by media body images may feel overwhelmed when trying to achieve an unrealistic idea of beauty.
- Emotional Factors – There have been personality factors that have been linked to binge eating disorder such as assertiveness, low self-esteem, or ADHD. Other factors that can contribute are depression and anxiety.
- Genetics – Binge eating disorder can run in families.
- Traumatic Events – Serious or traumatic events in one’s life can trigger binge eating episodes such as death, illness, tragedy, abuse, and separation.
Binge Eating Disorder Treatment
At Monte Nido, we know the importance of binge eating therapy to help you or your loved one recover from your eating disorder. We have the programs and tools to help provide you with the tools you need to have a successful recovery. If you or a loved one is in need of binge eating disorder recovery, contact us today to schedule an appointment.